Image Processing, Image Analysis and Real-Time Imaging (IPIARTI) Symposium 2017

Program                Keynotes & Invited Talks                Venue                 Committee                 Organizer
Official REGISTRATION (with refreshments) is closed @
However, all are invited to walk in to listen to the presentation sessions
19 July 2017 (Wednesday)

@ Auditorium 1, Level 3 (APU new campus)
Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation (APU)
Jalan Teknologi 5, Technology Park Malaysia, Bukit Jalil,
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
APU image

IEEE Signal Processing Society Malaysia Chapter is jointly organizing the 8th Symposium on Image Processing, Image Analysis and Real-Time Imaging (IPIARTI 2017) with the IEEE APU Student Branch and APU Graduate Student Council at APU.

This FREE annual event, open to all members and non-members of the IEEE, is organized with the objectives of:

 to bring the university and industry community together to share and discuss the latest trends in image processing, analysis and real-time implementation, and

 to promote the IEEE Signal Processing Society Malaysia Chapter to the academic and industry community in Malaysia as a forum for professional networking and advancement.


  • 09.00 - 09.30:    Registration

  • 09.30 - 09.45:  Welcome Address
    Prof. Dr. R. Logeswaran
       Chair, IPIARTI 2017  & 
       Vice Chair, IEEE Signal Processing Society Malaysia Chapter
      Prof. Dr. Ron Edwards
    Vice Chancellor, Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation (APU)

  • 09.45 - 10.30: Keynote Speech #1
    "Tricuspid Valve Extraction in Transesophageal Echocardiography
         – Review and Future Work
      Prof. Dr. Rahmita Wirza O.K. Rahmat

       Professor, Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology,
       Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang

  • 10.30 - 11.00:    Coffee Break

  • 11.00 - 11.45:  Keynote Speech #2
    "Image / Video Processing and Its Applications: From Personal Usage to

      Dr. Sophea Prum

       Research Engineer, MIMOS Berhad, Kuala Lumpur

  • 11.45 - 12.30:  Keynote Speech #3
     "Radiogenomics Era: The Opportunity and Challenges for the Future Scientist" 

      Dr. Muhammad Khalis Bin Abdul Karim

       Senior Medical Physicist, National Cancer Institute, Putrajaya

  • 12.30 - 13.00:  Membership & Senior Member Elevation Drive / Announcements

  • 13.00 - 14.00:    Lunch Break

  • 14.00 - 16.00:  Technical Presentations / Invited Talks

    1. "Cooperative Simultaneous Localization and Mapping: Enhanced Feature Detection Method for Ocean Observation System"
      Herdawatie Abdul Kadir

    2. "WS3D-VidR: Warping-based Stereoscopic 3D Video Retargeting with Depth Remapping"
      Md. Baharul Islam

    3. "3D Shape Reconstruction of Fresh Fruit Bunch (FFB)"
      N. Dahlia Yusoff (UPM)

    4. "Improvement of Stereo Matching Algorithm for Low Texture Regions"
      Rostam Affendi Hamzah

    5. "An Optimized Low Computational Algorithm for Human Fall Detection from Depth Images Based on Support Vector Machine Classification"
      Yoosuf Nizam

    6. "Recognition of Oil Palm Tree Based on Worldview-2 Images Using Haar-Based Rectangular Windows"
      Dr. Shaparas Daliman

    7. "Development of Minimal Intervention Semi-Automated Knee Cartilage Segmentation"
      Bakhtiar Al Jefry Abd Salam 

  • 16.00 - 16.30:    Certificate Presentation & Closing



Rajasvaran Logeswaran
IEEE SPS Malaysia Chapter /
  Asia Pacific University of Technology &
  Innovation (APU)

Local Arrangement :
IEEE APU Student Branch (IEEE APU SB)

APU Graduate Student Council (APU GSC)

Committee Members: 
Syed Abdul Rahman Syed Abu Bakar
  Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)

Mohammad Faizal Ahmad Fauzi
Multimedia University (MMU)

Nor’aini Abdul Jalil

Syed Khaleel Ahmed

  Universiti Tenaga Nasional (UNITEN)

Vijanth Sagayan Asirvadam

  Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP)

Sabira Khatun

  Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP)

Hezerul Abdul Karim

  Multimedia University (MMU)

Kushsairy Abdul Kadir

  Universiti Kuala Lumpur (UniKL)

Wong Kok Sheikh

  Monash University (MONASH)

Mohd Norzali Haji Mohd

  Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

Prospective presenters are invited to submit a one-page abstract of their work. The selected presenters will receive a certificate of appreciation as an invited speaker.

DEADLINE: email abstracts  to   by 21 June 2017 *CLOSED *


Whether presenting or attending the symposium, please sign-up (for logistics) at:   by 30 June 2017
<Official Registration closed, but those interested may still attend the talks >

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Professor Dr Rahmita Wirza O.K. Rahmat

Faculty of Computer Science & IT
Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang

Prof Dr Rahmita

Tricuspid Valve Extraction in Transesophageal Echocardiography
– Review and Future Work

Synopsis: Echocardiography images are considered an important modality in the medical field, to assess the heart’s function and structures, as well as for diagnosis and evaluation. Many image processing researches have been done to enhance the imaging aspect and produce better quality images. Numerous research have been conducted on the mitral valve, but only a few on the geometry or annular dynamics of the tricuspid valve. Accurateness in measuring and reconstructing the tricuspid valve is an important issue, not only for surgical decision-making process but also in deciding the suitable surgical technique on patients, such as valve implication or ring placement. This talk will cover techniques that have been applied recently in measuring and modelling the tricuspid valve. 3DTEE images were used and the focus is on techniques applied on 3D echocardiography images from different angles and positions.  This talk also discuss the idea of future work and the integration of the work with the Picture Archive Communication System.


Prof. Dr. Rahmita Wirza received her B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in Science Mathematics from University Science Malaysia, in 1989 and 1994, respectively. During 1989 to 1990, she worked as a research officer in the Department of Physics at University Science Malaysia, experimenting on Ozone layer measurements at the Equatorial region, before working as a tutor in Universiti Putra Malaysa. In the year 2000, she received her PhD in Computer Assisted Engineering from the University of Leeds, U.K. Currently, she is a Professor in Computer Graphics, at the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology. Among her focus research areas are Computer Graphics and Applications, Computer Assisted Surgery and Computational Geometry. She has led 10 research grants, published her work in 70 journals, 80 proceedings, 6 book chapters and two international books. She has supervised 30 research students (13 as the main supervisor), at least 40 MSc (without thesis) projects and at least 100 BSc final year projects. Prof. Rahmita has filed 8 patent applications, with two granted in Malaysia and USA. She also chairs CASD Medical Sdn Bhd and a startup company seeded from Universiti Putra Malaysia.


Dr Sophea Prum

Research Engineer
MIMOS Berhad, Malaysia

Dr Sophea Prum

Image / Video Processing and Its Applications:
From Personal Usage to Nationwide

Synopsis: Nowadays, smartphone, digital camera and CCTV play a vital role in our personal usage, business and nationwide security. A smartphone can be used not only as a personal camera but also as a personal scanner allowing to scan any document instantly. In this use-case, document image processing systems are needed in order to extract relevant information.

For the security purpose, CCTV cameras have been installed almost everywhere. However, intelligent systems that are able to automatically process/analyze these streaming videos are needed to leverage the full benefits of such technology. One such example is a system for car make and model recognition allowing to automatically detect stolen car by analyzing the streaming video from CCTV cameras. Such system will help to enhance nationwide security.

This talk will covert two systems. The first system focuses on document image processing. It consists in instantly extracting relevant information from the document images captured by smartphone or any other similar devices. The second system focuses on video processing for vehicle category/make and model recognition.


Dr. Sophea Prum is a research engineer at Mimos (National R&D center of ICT) in Malaysia since August 2015. She was researcher and assistant lecturer at Laboratory of Information, Image and Interaction (L3i), University of La Rochelle from 2012 to 2015. She received her engineering degree in computer science from Institute of Technology of Cambodia (ITC) in 2008. She received her Master and PhD degrees respectively in 2009 and 2013 from University of La Rochelle. Her research focuses on image/video processing, document image processing, handwriting recognition and machine learning.


Dr Muhammad Khalis Bin Abdul Karim
Senior Medical Physicist,
National Cancer Institute, Putrajaya

Dr Muhammad Khalis

Radiogenomics Era:
The Opportunity and Challenges for the Future Scientist

Synopsis: According to the World Cancer Report 2014, cancer is a major cause of mortality where there were 8 million cancer related deaths in 2012, affecting the population in all countries of the world. However, it is important to state that our aim in healthcare is to prolong the survival rate among cancer patients through good clinical management. Radiology services in healthcare is known for its ability to provide diagnosis of cancers or tumours and help in managing cancer patients. However, since there is "a new kid on the block" known as radiogenomic, the diagnosis for tumours staging and prognosis, an even for treatment, is stepping into a new era. A radiogenomic imaging is a combination technique of radiological diagnosis and genomic assessment. Therefore, its flexibility in integrating both aspects, investigating the relationship between imaging features and gene expression, brings us from X-ray images to DNA analysis. Therefore, radiogenomic in future would be the most powerful tool for molecular assessment of tumour staging and diagnosis. This talk will introduce the imaging modality necessary to develop radiogenomic features, which involves the principles of MRI and CT scans, and the necessities of laboratory instruments in hospitals or research institutions. The talk will also briefly introduce work done by other researchers aroundthe world in the race to develop proper techniques for radiogenomic.


Dr. Muhammad Khalis Bin Abdul Karim obtained his B.Sc (Hons) in Imaging Diagnostic and Radiotherapy from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) in 2008 and M.Sc in Physics from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (2013). In 2017, he completed his Ph.D in Physics at the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). He started his career as an Executive with a private hospital, Mahkota Medical Centre in 2008 before joining Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Johor as a Medical Physicist in year 2009. Currently, he is a Senior Medical Physicist and the Chief Physicist of Radiology services in National Cancer Institute. Some of his achievements include  Excellent Service Award  by the Federal Government to recognize his achievements,  1st place for Best Presentation in International Conference on Engineering, Science and Humanity (ICGESH) in 2016, 1st place in Three Minute Thesis Competition (UTM)  Chancellor’s Award for his Ph.D project and Best Postgraduate Student in the Physics Doctoral programme.

His current research interests include radiation physics, medical imaging, radiation dosimeters, image processing and magnetic resonance imaging.
His has expertise is in clinical imaging, particularly Computed Tomography and has been appointed as an advisory member in several technical committees. He is also actively involved giving lectures in several workshops on Radiation Protection and has supervised student research projects (currently, 3 Ph.D., 3 Masters and 1 undergraduate) and  published in international journals and conferences, Khalis has been a researcher/project leader for various research grants and is involved in 3 research projects worth about RM 500K. .


Herdawatie Abdul Kadir
and Mohd Rizal Arshad

Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Batu Pahat, Johor

Cooperative Simultaneous Localization and Mapping: Enhanced Feature Detection Method for Ocean Observation System

Navigation in an ocean environment with few static features and dynamic water background is an adventurous field to be explored by multi-agent system. This is because of its non-uniform availability of measurement on the ocean surface since the spatial feature distribution is greatly varied. Thus, it is desirable to design a cooperative localisation and mapping framework that is capable to handle spurious detection, reduce the localisation uncertainty of an agent and achieve fast and good decision. The main objective of this research is to design a cooperative simultaneous localisation and mapping method for multi blimp system involving the dynamic water surface as the background and small flock consensus as the group decision method. A new cooperative framework for the multi blimp system consisting of three blimps and buoys was developed and designed for this purpose. The simultaneous localisation and mapping were designed by integrating three methods which are the Extended Kalman Filter, the enhanced Scale Invariant Feature Transform and Received Signal Strength Indicator to improve the data association process. The group perception of direction based on small flock of animal consensus was taken into the data association process. It was discovered that this cooperative simultaneous localisation and mapping was able to reduce the number of feature points and detect the desired features in clear and dark water environments. In addition, based on cooperative benchmarking, this method was able to achieve faster consensus to up to 8.3 % and 42 % than the scale free model and klemm-eguilez model respectively. On top of these, its heading accuracy was found to be more accurate to up to 30 % and 76 % than the scale free model and klemm-eguilez model respectively. Overall, the proposed approach has achieved its prominent results and it is proven to be significantly reliable and applicable to be implemented in the ocean observation monitoring system.


Md. Baharul Islam

Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation,
Technology Park Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur

WS3D-VidR: Warping-based Stereoscopic 3D Video Retargeting with Depth Remapping

Due to the recent availability of stereoscopic display devices and cameras/lens, there is a growing demand for stereoscopic video retargeting methods that can automatically resize a stereo video to fit displays of different sizes. While depth plays an important role in influencing the user experience, to our best knowledge, none of the state-of-the-arts stereo video retargeting methods aims to enhance the depth of the retargeted video. We propose a warping-based approach that resizes and re-maps the depth of a stereoscopic video simultaneously to produce a better 3D experience. Firstly, our method computes the significance map for each stereoscopic video frame. It then performs volume warping using non-homogeneous scaling optimization to resize the stereoscopic video. During the warping optimization, a depth remapping constraint is used to remap the depth and significance content preservation constraint is applied to preserve the important content.  Due to the significance content preservation across the video volume and the nature of the non-homogeneous scaling used for volume warping, motion consistency can be preserved without explicit temporal constraint. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of our method in preserving the important content, ensuring motion consistency and enhancing the depth perception of the retargeted video.


N. Dahlia Yusoff ,
S. Khairunniza-Bejo and Hazreen Harith

Universiti Putra Malaysia,
Serdang, Selangor

3D Shape Reconstruction of Fresh Fruit Bunch (FFB)

The reconstruction of 3D shape Fresh Fruit Bunch was carried using Poisson Surface Reconstruction (PSR) application, based on Delaunay triangular mesh generation techniques. The Delaunay triangulation explored the neighbourhood of a sample point cloud in all relevant directions in a way that even accommodates non-uniform samplings. Five experimental runs were conducted using MeshLab with refinement and coarsening of simplicial FFB shape. Results showed that the method was best agreed with a set of noisy, non-uniform observations, and it has been demonstrated that this approach can robustly recover fine detail from noisy real-world scan. Furthermore, the results showed some guarantees on the resulting mesh which enable the user to control the size and shape of mesh elements and the accuracy of the surface approximation. The reconstructed 3D models of Fresh Fruit Bunch are sufficiently accurate and realistic for 3D visualization in various applications.


Rostam Affendi Hamzah,
M. Saad Hamid, Ahmad Fauzan Kadmin, S. Fakhar Abd Ghani, S. Salam and T. M. F. T. Wook

Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka,
Durian Tunggal, Melaka

Improvement of Stereo Matching Algorithm for Low Texture Regions

The aim of stereo matching algorithm is to obtain the information of depth or distance to an input image. This is done by finding the matching pixel between two images at different viewpoints. The two-dimensional mapping of matching pixels is known as disparity map. This research topic has been studied for decades, which the depth from stereo remains a long-standing challenge. Several factors that make computations of stereo matching algorithm are challenging such as complex scenes, radiometric changes and repetition textures.  The applications of depth stereopsis are intelligent vehicles, autonomous robotics and augmented reality. Stereo matching algorithms can be categorized into global and local methods. Global methods perform a matching process using global energy or a probability function over the whole image.  The global methods involve high computational complexity and slow implementation. Therefore, it is not suitable for real-time applications. However, local methods solve the matching problem via a local analysis and aggregating matching costs over a support region at each pixel in the images. The local methods deliver fast execution and low computational requirement. The main challenge of stereo matching algorithm is to find the corresponding pixels in the low texture regions. These regions contain plain color pixels which make the corresponding process unable to determine the best matching pixels. Hence, this abstract proposes a new local-based stereo matching algorithm to improve the low texture regions which involves four stages. First, the matching cost function is developed using a combination of Absolute Differences (AD), Gradient Matching (GM) and Census Transform (CT). Second, the new edge preserving filter is proposed at cost aggregation stage. This filter is known as iterative guided filter which is able to increase the efficiency of preserving the object edges. Then, the optimization step uses a Winner-Take-All (WTA) strategy. The WTA strategy absorbs the minimal aggregated corresponding value for each valid pixel. Finally, the post-processing stage which is to refine the final disparity map. The unwanted and invalid pixels are still occurring at the occlusion and untextured areas. These unwanted pixels will be detected by Left-Right (LR) consistency checking process. Then, the fill-in process is carried out to replace the invalid pixels with a valid minimum pixel value. The disparity refinement step consists of implementing the weighted bilateral filter to remove the remaining noise which usually occurs during the fill-in process. The undirected graph segmentation and least square plane fitting process are used at the final step to recover the low texture regions on the final disparity map. Based on the experimental results of standard benchmarking from the Middlebury dataset, the proposed algorithm is able to reduce the error and increase the accuracy against the low textured areas with 36.01% of noise reduction. The proposed algorithm also produces good results on the real stereo images from the KITTI dataset.


Yoosuf Nizam
Mohd Norzali Haji Mohd and Muhammad Mahadi Abdul Jamil

Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM),

Batu Pahat, Johor

An Optimized Low Computational Algorithm for Human Fall Detection from Depth Images Based on Support Vector Machine Classification

Systems developed to classify human activities to identify unintentional falls are highly demanding and play an important role in our daily life. Human falls are the main obstacle for elderly people to live independently and it is also a major health concern due to aging population. Different approaches are used to develop human fall detection systems for elderly and people with special needs. The three basic approaches used include some sort of wearable devices, ambient based devices or non-invasive vision based devices using live cameras. Most of such systems are either based on wearable or ambient sensor which is very often rejected by users due to the high false alarm and difficulties in carrying them during their daily life activities. This paper proposes a fall detection system based on an algorithm using combination of machine learning and human activity measurements such as changes of human height and rate of change of the subject during any of the activity. Classification of human fall from other activities of daily life is accomplished using height, changes in velocity and acceleration of the subject extracted from the depth information. Finally position of the subject and SVM classification is used for fall confirmation. From the experimental results, the proposed system was able to achieve an average accuracy of 97.39% with sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 96.61%.


Shaparas Daliman '
and Syed Ab Rahman Abu-Bakar ''

' Universiti Malaysia Kelantan,
Jeli, Kelantan

'' Universiti Teknologi Malaysia,
Skudai, Johor

Recognition of Oil Palm Tree Based on Worldview-2 Images Using Haar-Based Rectangular Windows

Oil palm as one of the top commodities in Malaysia can be monitored and managed in a more effective, efficient and low-cost maintenance by using satellite imagery. The current standard of monitoring the number of oil palm trees is either by actual counting through deploying human workers at the plantation itself or by manually counting trees from the given airborne images. Such an approach seems to be cost inefficient and labour intensive in addition to high probability in recognition error. Therefore, this study aims to develop a technique for oil palm tree recognition and build a classification strategy for segmentation of oil palm tree area along with an approach to propose a structured flow mechanism for automatically counting the number of young and matured oil palm trees. A database of young, matured and non-oil palm tree objects based on high resolution (2m) in WorldView-2 images have been collected. It intends to identify features for development of oil palm tree recognition model by implementing object recognition techniques of Haar-based rectangular windows. As a result, it is found that classification based on features obtained from Haar-based rectangular windows has achieved 92.73% overall accuracy with 98.58% and 98.13% sensitivity to young and matured oil palm tree classification, respectively. Thus, it can be concluded that oil palm tree features derived from Haar-based rectangular windows is the most suitable for oil palm tree recognition model based on WorldView-2 images. Automated oil palm tree counting has achieved up to 100% accuracy with the ability to distinguish the non-oil palm tree objects during the counting.


Bakhtiar Al Jefry Abd Salam

and Gan Hong Seng

Universiti Kuala Lumpur, British Malaysian Institute, Gombak, Selangor
Development of Minimal Intervention Semi-Automated Knee Cartilage Segmentation

Knee osteoarthritis is a common musculoskeletal disease resulted from the biochemical breakdown of articular cartilage in the synovial joints. The degenerative joint disease, for instance, causes mobility constraints such as walking or climbing stairs to affected patients, especially among the older population. Magnetic resonance imaging has been identified as a potential biomarker to comprehend the progression of osteoarthritis. Given the high anatomical complexity exhibited by knee cartilage, manual and conventional semi-automated segmentation will require tremendous human intervention. A background seed generation model has been proposed to mitigate manual labelling but the use of fixed threshold has invited inaccurate seed distribution. In this work, we propose to use Wellner’s method to determine the average threshold level for each superpixel based on saliency value. It can dynamically set average local threshold value according to the neighbouring superpixels. Integral image is an instrument where it can be utilized when we have a function from the pixel to real numbers (such as superpixel) and we wish to compute the sum of this function over a rectangular region of image. By calculating the integral image for each superpixel, it makes the computation of the integral image to become easier for the next stage. We applied the sum of function of the upper left corner and lower right corner of the neighbourhood superpixels to compute the average threshold value. The process was repeated until an optimal threshold value was obtained. We defined the saliency value of superpixel below the average threshold value as background, and above the threshold value as knee cartilage. Eventually, Wellner’s method of adaptive threshold can produce stable average threshold value to segment object and background.
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The building (see image at the top of this page) is indicated by APU New campus (on Google Maps) or marked by Lifestyle by Modestos (on the map at the APU website). It is located along Jalan Teknologi 5, Technology Park Malaysia.

(Note that the building marked as Asia Pacific University of Technology & Innovation on Google Maps is the old campus, now APIIT & APLC).

Auditorium 1
is on the main level (Level 3, where the front stairways lead up to). Just walk along the walkway until you reach the cafeteria (Lifestyle by Modestos) area. The auditorium is on the right, opposite the cafeteria.

Parking: Limited visitors carparks are available at the campus. These are reserved for the VIPs only (i.e. speakers and IEEE SPS ExComm who had provided their car registration number).

Open parking is available nearby (between APU and Astro) at the rate of RM 5.30 per entry. The location of the parking is indicated on the map.
Open parking
Enquiries: For assistance, including finding your way to the location, please contact Mr. Shaafiee (017-250 1384) or email
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2017 IEEE Signal Processing Society Malaysia Chapter. All rights reserved.